Technology has been completely revolutionizing the present era and digital transformation is expected to have a major impact on almost any industry. Agri-food industry SMEs which face everyday problems and which could be possibly solved by digitalization. Considering the fact that other industrial sectors are often more advanced in digitalization than the agricultural sector, this article aims to analyze the challenges existing in the process of digital transformation by SMEs in the agri-food sector in Lithuania. Considering that, hackathons have become increasingly popular in recent years as a modern tool for innovation, the research is based on HackAgriFood’19 hackathon use case. It has attracted the attention of more than 60 SMEs acting in the Agri-food industry actively. As a result, challenges of adaptation of digitalized products and services by Agri-food sector SME’s were identified and they are presented in this article.
Almada-Lobo, F. 2016. “The Industry 4.0 Revolution and the Future of Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES).” Journal of Innovation Management 3 (4): 16–21.
Bayo-Moriones, A., M. Billón, and F. Lera-López. 2013. “Perceived Performance Effects of ICT in Manufacturing SMEs.” Industrial Management & Data Systems 113: 117–135. doi:10.1108/02635571311289700.
Berger R.The digital transformation of industry. EU study. A European study commissioned by the Federation of German Industries (BDI), 2015
Bičkauskė D., Simanavičienė Ž., Jakubavičius A. Trend analysis of industry digitization in EU manufacturing sector // The impact of industry 4.0 on job creation 2019: proceedings of scientific papers from the international scientific conference, 2020
Briscoe, G., & Hon, J. X. (2014). Choreograthons: hackathons for dance composition. http://webspace.qmul.ac.uk/gbriscoedisabled/site/Publications_files/Choreograthons-%20Hackathons%20for%20Dance.pdf.
CEPS and BCFN “Digitising Agrifood: Pathways and Challenges”, A. Renda, N. Reynolds, M. Laurer and G. Cohen (2019).
Cooper, R.G. and Edgett, S.J. (2008) “Ideation for product innovation: What are the best methods?” PDMA Visions Magazine, March, pp 12-17.
EASME, Annual Report on European SMEs 2018/2019, 2019, European Commission
Enkel E. and Gassmann O., Creative imitation: exploring the case of cross‐industry innovation. “R&D Management” 2010, no. 40, s.256-270.
Eurostat (2014). Statistics [online]. [cit.2019-09-22]. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=File:Average_personnel_costs,_2015_(thousand_EUR_per_employee)_FP18.png&oldid=383391
Eurostat (2017). Statistics [online]. [cit.2019-09-12]. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Glossary:High-tech_ classification_of_manufacturing_industries
Iqbal, Usman & Dagon, Alon & Shabbir, Syed Abdul & Celi, Leo & Hsu, Min-Huei & Li, Yu-Chuan. (2018). A Hackathon Promoting Taiwanese Health-IoT Innovation. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine. 163. 29-32. 10.1016/j.cmpb.2018.05.020.
Kang, H. S., J. Y. Lee, S. Choi, H. Kim, J. H. Park, J. Y. Son, B. H. Kim, and S. D. Noh. 2016. “Smart Manufacturing: Past Research, Present Findings, and Future Directions.” International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology 3 (1): 111–128.
Kilimis P., Zou W., Lehmann M., Berger U. A Survey on Digitalization for SMEs in Brandenburg, Germany, IFAC-PapersOnLine, 2019, no. 52 (13), s. 2140-2145.
Kitchin, R., Dodge, M., 2011. Code/Space: Software and Everyday Life. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass, p. 155.
Lara, M., Lockwood, K. Hackathons as Community-Based Learning: a Case Study. TechTrends 60, 486–495 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11528-016-0101-0
López-Morales, J. A., Martínez, J. A., & Skarmeta, A. F. (2020). Digital Transformation of Agriculture through the Use of an Interoperable Platform. Sensors, 20(4), 1153. MDPI AG. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20041153
Lyndon, M.P., et al.: Hacking Hackathons: preparing the next generation for the multidisciplinary world of healthcare technology. Int. J. Med. Inform. 112, 1–5 (2018)
Moeuf A., Pellerin R., Lamouri S., Tamayo-Giraldo S., Barbaray R. (2018) The industrial management of SMEs in the era of Industry 4.0, International Journal of Production Research, 56:3, 1118-1136, DOI: 10.1080/00207543.2017.1372647
Oxford University Press. (2020.) Hackathion. Oxford English dictionary. Retrieved May 7, 2020, from https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/us/definition/english/hackathon
Peillon S. and Dubruc N., Barriers to digital servitization in French manufacturing SMEs, “Procedia CIRP 2019”, no. 83, s. 146-150.
Pernga S., Kitchinb R., Mac Donncha D. „Hackathons, entrepreneurial life and the making of smart cities”, 2018. DOI link: https://doi.org/10.1016/J.GEOFORUM.2018.08.024
Powell al. 2017. bringing big data to the farm. harvard gazette, april 7, 2017. http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2017/04/the-future-of-food-will-be-proactive-effcient-and-digitized-or-else.
Qin, J., Liu, Y., & Grosvenor, R. (2016). A Categorical Framework of Manufacturing for Industry 4.0 and Beyond. Procedia CIRP, 52, 173–178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2016.08.005
Raymond, L. 2005. “Operations Management and Advanced Manufacturing Technologies in SMEs.” Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management 16: 936–955. doi:10.1108/17410380510627898.
Rotz S., Gravely E., Mosby I., Duncan E., Finnis E., Horgan, M., LeBlanc J., Martin R., Tait Neufeld H., Nixon A., Pant L., Shalla V. and Fraser E., Automated pastures and the digital divide: How agricultural technologies are shaping labour and rural communities, “Journal of Rural Studies 2019”, no.68, s. 112-122,
Rußmann M., Lorenz M., Gerbert P et al. (2015). Industry 4.0. The Future of Productivity and Growth in Manufacturing Industries.
Rüttimann, B. G., and M. T. Stöckli. 2016. “Lean and Industry 4.0 – Twins, Partners, or Contenders? A Due Clarification regarding the Supposed Clash of Two Production Systems.” Journal of Service Science and Management 9 (6): 485–500.
Salampasis M. and Theodoridis A., Information and Communication Technology in Agricultural Development Preface, “Procedia Technology” 2013, no. 8,s. 1-3.
Schallmo D., Williams C., and Boardman, L., Digital Transformation of Business Models-Best Practice, Enabler, and Roadmap, “International Journal of Innovation Management” 2018, no.21(8): s.1740014.
Schwab Klaus, The Fourth Industrial Revolution: what it means, how to respond, World Economic Forum, 2016.
Soltani, Poryah & Pessi, Kalevi & Ahlin, Karin & Wernered, Ida. (2014). Hackathon – a method for Digital Innovative Success: a Comparative Descriptive Study. Proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Information Management and Evaluation, ECIME 2014.
Sommer, L. 2015. “Industrial Revolution – Industry 4.0: Are German Manufacturing SMEs the First Victims of This Revolution?” Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management 8 (5): 1512–1532.
Stoldt J., Trapp T.U., Toussaint S., Süße M., Schlegel A. and Putz M., Planning for Digitalisation in SMEs using Tools of the Digital Factory, “Procedia CIRP ”2018, no. 72, s.179-184.
Ulas D., Digital Transformation Process and SMEs, “Procedia Computer Science” 2019, no. 158, s. 662-671
Wang, S., Wan, J., Zhang, D., Li, D., & Zhang, C. (2016). Towards smart factory for industry 4 . 0 : a self-organized multi-agent system with big data base d fee dback and coordination, 101, 158–168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2015.12.017