Smart grids and management of demand are primarily envisioned as a huge jump in development communication and information technologies with aim to increase grid reliability and to allow integration of production of various smart grid resources of electricity such as renewable resources, demand response, electricity storage and electricity transportation. Based on many researches aimed at of the reliability impacts of these resources, it is concluded that an ideal mix of the smart grid resources leads to a flatter net demand that developed reliability issues further. An architectural approach of this smart grid net is essential to the transformation of the grid to a “smarter grid” similarly as was, for example, with the iPhone architectural.
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