ANALYSIS OF THE EXPECTED DEVELOPMENT OF DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS AND THEIR ADAPTATION TO THE LABOR MARKET IN SLOVAKIA

Abstrakt:

The research subject of our work is demographic development as a factor of labor market development in the Slovak Republic. The aim of this paper is to point out the topicality of the researched issue, which is the demographic development of the population in terms of age, birth rate and mortality and their impact on the labor market in Slovakia. In the first part, we will approach these factors fundamentally influencing the labor market from a theoretical point of view with the help of an analysis of the literature on the given issue. In the next part of the paper we will focus on statistical indicators of demographic development. Also in this section we will focus on indicators of the age of the population of the Slovak Republic and the economically active population by age groups. We will point out the measures taken by the government to eliminate the risks posed by possible developments. Every advanced society strives to create the conditions now for sustainable social and economic development in the future. Economic and social development is closely linked to the labor market. Migration can alleviate the process of population decline in Slovakia, but it will have only a minimal impact on the process of population aging. The contribution can be the use of the post-productive population, migration as the primary source of absent labor and preparation for labor shortages.

Autor: Andrea HORVÁTHOVÁ, Jaroslav ÉHN

Vydanie: 2020/1     Strany: 40-50     Klasifikácia JEL: J1, J6, F01, J11

Kľúčové slová: demographic development, labor market, economically active population, age group, productive age, birth rate, mortality

Sekcia:

Kontakty:
Ing. Andrea Horváthová
Faculty of Social and Economic Relations
Alexander Dubček University of Trenčín
Študentská 2
911 50 Trenčín
Slovak Republic
horvathova.ada@gmail.com

Ing. Jaroslav Éhn
Faculty of Social and Economic Relations
Alexander Dubček University of Trenčín
Študentská 2
911 50 Trenčín
Slovak Republic
jaroslavehn@azet.sk

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