Aktuálne číslo: 2/2019
ISSN 2585-9358 (online)




Currently, changes in European energy policy priorities and policies have brought many challenges. It is nessery to solve especially the changes in the global climate, ever-decreasing oil and gas reserves and the rapid rise of energy prices, reduced energy safety. The aim of this contribution is to point out the positive effects of the liberalization of the energy market in Slovakia. Therefore, we will analyze the timing of the creation of a single gas energy market in the household sector. We have used the Herfindahl-Hirschmann index, switching to reflect the relationship between the concentration rate and the number of companies, which are operating on market. To achieve this goal, we have used a variety of methods, from collecting information, especially from scientific works from both, foreign and home authors. From the scientific methods we used mainly coupled methods of induction and deduction, analysis and synthesis and to better illustrate of the results obtained, we used graphical and mathematical methods, which are mainly used for the clear presentation of our results in tables and charts.

Autor: Alena BAŠOVÁ

Vydanie: 2018/4     Strany: 6-17     Klasifikácia JEL: D4, O12, O16

Kľúčové slová: gas market, liberalization, single energy market, competition, Herfindahl-Hirschmann index, switching, household sector.


Ing. Alena Bašová, PhD
Dept. of Finances,
Faculty of national Economy
University of Economics in Bratislava
Dolnozemská cesta 1
852 35 Bratislava
e-mail: alenkabaso@gmail.com


Baldwin, R. E. (2008). Ekonomie evropské integrace. Praha: Grada, 478 p.
European Parliament. (2009). Directive 2009/73/Ec Of The European Parliament And Of The Council of 13 July 2009 concerning common rules for the internal market in natural gas and repealing Directive 2003/55/EC.
Galczynski, M. et al. (2015). Globalny rynek LNG. Warszawa : Wydawnictwo Rambler, 212 p.
Hirschman, A.O. (1964). The Paternity of an Index&quot. The American Economic Review (American Economic Association) 54 (5), pp. 761. JSTOR 1818582
Hunt, S. E. (2012). Makingcompetition in world of electricity.London: Wiley, 450 p.
Jones, CH. (2010). EU Energy Law: Volume I: London: Claeys & Casteels, 1152 p.
Kraus, M. (2012). Liberalised Energy Markets — Do We Need Re-Regulation? London: Claeys & Casteels, 215 p.
Laughton, M.A.(2003) Electrical Engineer's. Reference Book , London: Sciencedirect, 456 p.
Lesser, J. A. - Giacchino, L.: (2009) Fundamentals of Energy Regulation. Vienna: Public Utility Reports, pp . 435.
Liptáková, J. (2017). North-south gas interconnection moves closer. The Slovak Spectator. [online] [cit. 28.2. 2017]. Retrieved from: https://spectator.sme.sk/20466219/north-south-gas-interconnection-moves-closer.html
McCorvick, J. (2014). Understanding the European Union.London: London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Morthorst, P. E., Wehnert, T. E. (2015). Decentralised Power Generation in the Liberalised EU Energy Markets. Wirn: Springer, 81 p.
TASR. 2017. Plynovod Eastring nevylučuje ani Maďarsko. [online] [cit. 28.8. 2015]. Retrieved from: http://energia.sk/dolezite/zemny-plyn-a-ropa/plynovod-eastring-nevylucuje-ani-madarsko/25224/
Train, K. E. (2001). Optimal regulation, The Economic Theory of Natural Monopoly, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
Warren-Boulton, F. R. (1990). The Implications of U.S. Experience with Horizontal Mergers and Makeovers for Canadian Competition Policy. In Mathewson, G. Franklin et al. (eds.) The Law and Economics of Competition Policy. Vancouver, B.C.: The Fraser Institute.
Yergin, D–Hillenbrand, M. (1982). Global Insecurity: Strategy for Energy and Economic Renewal. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., pp. 100-102.

Sociálno-ekonomická revue
Fakulta sociálno-ekonomických vzťahov
Trenčianska univerzita Alexandra Dubčeka v Trenčíne
Študentská 2
911 50 Trenčín
Slovak Republic

tel.: +421 7400 428

Copyright © fsev.tnuni.sk